History of Swastika Mine

Mining Operation 1911

The Lemp Studio

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More than 100 years after the first photographers stepped into the Huron Tract to record the daily activities of our forefathers, the Lemp Studio Collection was born to preserve the precious glass negatives of Tavistock's early cameramen.

Rescued from the Lemp Studio in 1977, the collection of nearly 4,000 glass negatives has since been catalogued and researched with the help of many interested citizens.

The late Carl Seltzer first became aware of the extensive collection stored in the attic of the old photo gallery when he was doing research for his centennial book published in 1967, entitled "Fact & Fantasy, A History of Tavistock & District". He stressed the value of these negatives to Tavistock Gazette publisher C. Robert Gladding who in turn urged his son W. J. (Bill) Gladding to acquire the negatives from Leonard Lemp. At that time Mr. Lemp, son of the photographer John Lemp, was disposing of the business to Sinclair Pharmacy.

Bill Gladding, with the help of C. J. (Hap) Steinman and Jonathan Blum,removed the precious negatives from their 75-year rest in the Lemp attic and the chore of printing and cataloguing each negative began. Tim Mosher, at the time a student at Conestoga College, painstakingly looked at each negative and placed them in categories for future reference. Portraits, family groups, buildings, animals, transportation, street scenes, etc. were all catalogued with negatives ranging in size from 8x10, to 5x7, 4x5, 3x4 and 2x3.

Contact prints were made of many of the recognizable, good quality negatives and thus began a search for the identity of people and places and dates each photograph was taken.

The beautiful 8x10 plates re believed to have been taken by J. C. Sutherland who operated a photo gallery on Woodstock Street South in Tavistock until 1896 and A. O. Murray who continued until 1903. W. I. Becker of Stratford operated a gallery one day a week from 1903 to 1905 when John Lemp opened his studio on Hope Street West, somehow acquiring the early photographers' inventory of glass negatives. From early records we find that Tavistock had a photo gallery here in 1878 with the earliest signed photo marked "J. McEwen, Photo Artist, Tavistock, Ont." believed to have been produced circa 1871.

Guardian of The Lemp Studio Collection is W. J. (Bill) Gladding, editor and publisher of The Tavistock Gazette weekly newspaper.

A hardcover, book entitled "Crossroads in Time: A pictorial history of Tavistock (1890-1920) The Lemp Studio Collection" was released on June 1, 1998 in honour of the 150th Anniversary of the founding of the Village of Tavistock featuring this amazing photographic collection. The project was funded by the Rotary Club of Tavistock.

Prints from the original glass negatives contained in the collection can be purchased by writing to Mr. Gladding at 119 Woodstock Street South, Box 70, Tavistock, Ontario NOB 2RO or call 519-655-2341 for further information. (email:


© Photos from The Lemp Studio Collection 2002
Tavistock, Ontario, Canada

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